The ISTO “Experimentation” platform includes a conventional High Temperature – High Pressure (HT-HP) platform, a HT-HP in-situ analysis platform, a rock deformation laboratory and a micro/nano-fluidic laboratory; all are developed and maintained through mechanical and electronic workshop.
Conventional” High Temperature – High Pressure facilities :
This platform houses facilities to reproduce pressure and temperature relevant for Earth’s crust and superior mantle. It consists of conventional devices (ovens, autoclaves and piston-cylinders) that are typically found in HT-HP laboratories. These devices are used to determine, among other, phase equilibria, solubility laws, partition coefficients or to measure physico-chemical properties at high pressure and high temperature.
« PLANEX » platform for in-situ HT-HP analysis facilities :
Mechanical and electronic workshop :
- Conventional machining tools
- CNC machines
- 3D printing
- Electronic CAD
Rock Deformation Laboratory
The rock deformation laboratory, directly derived from the conventional HP-HT platform, includes equipment capable of imposing anisotropic pressures on samples and thus deform them. This equipment allows the study of rheological laws and deformation mechanisms of rocks and minerals. The Laboratory is equipped with :
This experimental platform, equipped with high resolution microscopes (upright and inverted) and Raman spectrometer, is devoted to the microfluidic technics: cut-edge optical observation as well as chemical and structural analyses of the Lab-on-Chip.
Such microfluidic approach allows to isolate and investigate the challenging multi-scale and multi-physics processes such as flow microdynamics, mass transfer, solubility or storage, which occur in porous media and geological reservoir.
1 Nikon Eclipse Ni-U upright microscope with sCMOS Andor Neo 5.5 camera and xyz motorized stage Prior
reflection and transmission optical observations (2x, 5x, 10x, 20x, 40x, 50x, 60x, 100x objectives), micro-Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV)
1 Nikon Eclipse Ti2-U inverted microscope with CMOS DS-Ri2 camera and CMOS HS Quick-Start Fastec camera
reflection and transmission optical observations (4x, 10x, 20x, 40x, 60x objectives), epifluorescence optical observations (DAPI-1160B, FITC-3540C, Cy3-4040C, TxRed-4040C, Cy5-4040C filters)
1 Andor Shamrock 500i Raman spectrometer coupled to the upright Nikon Eclipse Ni-U microscope
- Andor Newton CCD detector
- Coherent Genesis SML laser : 532 nm /500 mW
Microfluidic pumps :
- KD Scientific LEGATO 180 syringe pump
(controlled volume injection from 0.6 pL/min till 12 mL/min)
- Elveflow OB1 pressure controller – 4 channels
(inlet-outlet pressure control from 0 till 8 bars)
Various micromodels (glass/silicon/PDMS)
Linkam heating – cooling stage
micro-thermometry, micro-Raman à temperature range -140° à 600°C